Co-Occurrence of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and Opioid Use Outcomes among Community Individuals

Pilot Project Awardee
12/1/2019 – 11/30/2021

Nicole H. Weiss, PhD

Nicole H. Weiss, PhD

Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology Licensed Psychologist (RI #PS01734)

Tel: 401-277-5492

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is highly prevalent (42-60%) among individuals living with opioid use disorder (OUD). The co-occurrence of PTSD and OUD is an urgent public health priority given higher rates of opioid overdose, more chronic and severe patterns of opioid use, and poorer response to OUD treatment than is seen among individuals with OUD alone. Although the co-occurrence of PTSD and OUD is associated with devastating consequences, there is a significant gap in our understanding of the nature of OUD among individuals with versus without PTSD. This information is critical to informing efforts for preventing and responding to the opioid epidemic. The goal of this research is to examine the feasibility and acceptability of an ecological momentary assessment methodology among community individuals who have co-occurring PTSD and OUD. By doing so, it will inform future research on the association of PTSD and opioid outcomes (cravings, use, problems, overdose) among community members who misuse opioids.